By Darralyn McCall
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The eleventh Hour sequence of revision publications were designed for fast reference. The service provider of those books will contain scholars actively within the studying method and reinforcement of strategies. on the finish of every bankruptcy there'll be a try together with a number of selection questions, true/false questions and brief resolution questions, each resolution will contain a proof.
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Additional resources for 11th Hour Introduction to Microbiology
D 14. Because free electrons are extremely unstable. 15. The number of electrons transferred in the redox reaction; difference in the reduction potentials of the two half-reactions. 16. The internal portion of the membrane is hydrophobic, and the external surface is hydrophilic. For a molecule to be a component of the membrane, it must either be hydrophobic if internal or amphipathie if a part of the molecule is internal and the other part is exposed at the membrane surface. 22 Chapter 2 Chemistry Background for Microbiology 17.
Identify areas where you need further review and go back to relevant parts of this chapter. Chapter Test 23 CHAPTER 3 Microbial Structure B acterial structures are locatcd external and intcrnal to the cytoplasmic membrane. Some bacterial cytoplasmic structures are surrounded by a so-called membrane (not to be confused with the phospholipid bilayer unit membrane that encloses eukaryotic organelles) containing phospholipid, protein, or glycoprotein. ESSENTIAL BACKGROUND • What is unique about the bacterial cell wall?
Each species has a pH growth optimum. 0. Cells are susceptible to changes in the external osmotic pressure. Water moves across the membrane (which is freely permeable to water) to equilibrate the internal osmotic pressure to that of the environment. The water activity of a solution is reduced by interaction of water with solute molecules. Water activity is defincd as the ratio of the vapor pressure of the solution to the vapor pressure of pure water: Gw = P",'ol p••",. 700. Some microorganisms accumulate compatible solutes in their cytoplasm as the external osmotic pressure increases (water activity decreases), which reduce the ytoplasmic water activity to that of the environment by increasing the internal solute concentration.