By Scott L. Montgomery, Alok Kumar
To appreciate sleek technology, it truly is necessary to realize that some of the such a lot basic medical ideas are drawn from the data of historical civilizations. Taking an international but complete method of this advanced subject, A historical past of technological know-how in global Cultures makes use of a huge diversity of case reviews and examples to illustrate that the medical concept and approach to the current day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural past.
Covering historic Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the recent international, this quantity discusses the scope of clinical and technological achievements in every one civilization and the way the information it built got here to affect the ecu Renaissance. subject matters lined contain the impact those clinical cultures had upon each other, the facility of writing and its applied sciences, visions of mathematical order within the universe and the way it may be represented, and what components of the far-off clinical prior we proceed to depend on this present day. themes usually left unexamined in histories of technology are handled in interesting aspect, resembling the chemistry of mummification and the good Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewelry and concrete making plans of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgical procedure of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam.
This ebook indicates that clinical inspiration hasn't ever been restricted to anyone period, tradition, or geographic zone. in actual fact awarded and hugely illustrated, A background of technology in international Cultures is the precise textual content for all scholars and others attracted to the advance of technological know-how all through history.
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Additional info for A History of Science in World Cultures: Voices of Knowledge
Much later, by the GreekRoman era, the organs were dried, covered in resin, wrapped and placed back inside the body. In either case, when it was complete, the body had a dark color and was very withered. It was then washed again with Nile water, filled with more natron or sawdust and aromatic resin. Openings such as the nose, mouth, and ears were sealed with linen. Before wrapping the entire body in linen, cosmetics and, in some cases, a wig, were added to create a more life-like appearance. Early on, the face, head, and shoulders were often covered by a painted mask, meant to idealize the person’s features.
4 cm, or 3 inches, shorter than South Koreans). Medical practice: what was done? The question is not just how ill a society may be but how it produces illness and how it cares for the sick. We know that among professional physicians there was a hierarchy, with those treating the royal family at the top, next those who worked on the nobility, priests, and scribes, and then the more “lay” doctors who tended to the mass of the people. There were also master physicians, senior doctors, journeymen, and specialists.
As always, everything began with the Nile. It began to rise in southern Egypt in early July, reaching flood stage by mid-August. Measuring stations, called nilometers, using notched rocks, were built along the river’s course, allowing close comparison between flood levels of different years and good prediction of peak inundation (records of these levels were kept in temple archives). Soils would dry quickly in the merciless sun, so to retain water for part of the growing season, which extended to mid-April or May, and to expand the total area for cultivation, the Egyptians devised an extensive irrigation system.