By Graeme Barker
This vast research files the long term human cost historical past of the Biferno Valley in central-southern Italy, from its earliest profession within the Stone Age correct as much as the current day. Integrating the innovations of archaeology, historical past and geography, Barker indicates how cost within the Valley is inextricably associated with the parallel tale of panorama improvement, his issues and matters together with: methods to Mediterranean panorama heritage; the fashionable panorama; Methodologies of the Biferno Valley Survey; The traditional panorama and its evolution; Early prehsitoric payment; the 1st agricultural groups; Iron Age chiefdoms (c.1000-500 BC); Pentri, Frentani and the beginnings of urbanization (c.500--80 BC); Roman cities and territories (c.80 BC-600 AD); The evolution of hilltop villages (AD 600-1500); Feudalism and the `Southern query' (AD 1500 to the present).
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Extra resources for A Mediterranean Valley: Landscape Archaeology and Annales History in the Biferno Valley
The boundary between the lower valley and the rest of the valley is commonly defined by the Ponte del Liscione dam, built at the natural topographical and geological division between the steeply sided, V-shaped valley upstream and the wide, flat-bottomed floodplain downstream. In his study of the economic geography of the modern settlement systems of the upper and middle valley, Ranieri (1956) drew the boundary with the lower valley at the Ponte del Liscione gap, extending it to the watershed westwards to Civita Campomarino and southwards to Casacalenda.
The thesis concentrated on the transition from hunting to farming, as a contribution to the British Academy's Major Research Project on the Early History of Agriculture directed by Eric Higgs at Cambridge, who was my supervisor, although whilst in Rome my fieldwork was overseen by John Ward-Perkins. The study area was defined as the five main regions of central Italy: Toscana (Tuscany) and Lazio (Latium) on the western or Tyrrhenian side of the peninsula, Marche and Abruzzo on the eastern or Adriatic side, and Umbria in the centre (Fig.
Molise is the youngest of the Italian regions. Until the 1960s it was administered with the neighbouring region to the north, Abruzzo, the entire region being known collectively as the Abruzzi. The case for it to be an autonomous region was formally recognized in 1966, but its first elected administrative council only took office in 1970. Until its own Archaeological Superintendency was established in that year in the capital town of the newly autonomous region of Campobasso, the archaeology of Molise was administered at a distance by the single Superintendency for Abruzzo and Molise in Abruzzo's capital town, Chieti.