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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop

Construction productivity--how good, how fast, and at what rate structures and infrastructure may be constructed--directly impacts costs for houses and client items and the robustness of the nationwide economic system. analysts vary on even if development productiveness is bettering or declining. nonetheless, advances in on hand and rising applied sciences supply major possibilities to enhance development potency considerably within the twenty first century and to aid meet different nationwide demanding situations, equivalent to environmental sustainability.

Advancing the Competitiveness and potency of the U.S. development Industry identifies 5 interrelated actions which may considerably enhance the standard, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of building projects.

those actions comprise frequent deployment and use of interoperable know-how purposes; more advantageous job-site potency via greater interfacing of individuals, techniques, fabrics, gear, and data; better use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication suggestions and techniques; leading edge, common use of demonstration installations; and potent functionality dimension to force potency and aid innovation. The ebook recommends that the nationwide Institute of criteria and expertise paintings with leaders to strengthen a collaborative technique to totally enforce and installation the 5 activities

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The approach to implementing the five activities will need to be collaborative in order to overcome fragmentation among stakeholder groups, construction processes, and construction practices if interoperable technologies and prefabricated components are to be used effectively, if job-site efficiency is to be improved, and if appropriate demonstration installations are to be identified and used. Collaboration will also help mitigate the risks and spread the costs and benefits of innovation. Evidencebased best practices and effective performance measures will be needed in order to make a compelling business case for the adoption of new processes and technologies throughout the capital facilities sector.

The rate of injuries and illness also appears to have dropped significantly, possibly by a factor of two, although measurements are difficult because of the segmented nature of the industry. The driving force behind these improvements were project owners that demanded improvements of their contractors and changed the culture from one which accepted that “Construction is inherently dangerous—accidents happen” to one in which there is a belief that “Zero accidents are achievable” (NRC, 2009). The owners’ efforts were aided by improved equipment and research conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and others (NRC, 2009).

Well integrated with collateral and ancillary systems. Limited documentation available. TRL 8⎯Actual system completed and “mission qualified” through test and demonstration in an operational environment (ground or space): End of system development. Fully integrated with operational hardware and software systems. Most user documentation, training documentation, and maintenance documentation completed. All functionality tested in simulated and operational scenarios. Verification and Validation (V&V) completed.

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