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By Arie Altman

This paintings integrates uncomplicated biotechnological methodologies with updated agricultural practices, providing suggestions to precise agricultural wishes and difficulties from plant and crop yield to animal husbandry. It provides and evaluates the constraints of classical methodologies and the possibility of novel and emergent agriculturally comparable biotechnologies.

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13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. Budd, The Uses of Life: A History of Biotechnology. Cambridge University Press, New York. 1993. Sasson, Biotechnology and development, World Sci. Rep. pp. 253–268 (1994). Davis, The Genetic Revolution: Scientific Prospects and Public Persceptions, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 1991. Law, Biotechnology in food manufacture, Chem. Ind. pp. 502–505 (1994). Chakrabarty, The US Supreme Court, 1980 Ruling, Vol I, 1980.

Profitability is the major evaluation factor in a country whose economy follows the rules of a free market. This can be demonstrated in the example of recombinant bovine growth hormone applied to dairy cows, where milk production increased but milk prices decreased [12,17], thus farmers profitability remained the same. Therefore, in free markets of developed countries, where demand and supply behave according to market rules, agricultural biotechnology aims to provide the growers with a larger added value [10].

All of these genetic techniques thus constitute an extension, but nevertheless an integral part of classic breeding, contributing successfully to shortening the breeding and selection cycle. The β€œnew” biotechnology refers to the use of recombinant DNA and in vitro biology in three major areas: (1) as an aid to classic breeding; (2) for the generation of engineered plants, animals, and microorganisms; and (3) for the integration of microorganisms into various biotic production systems. This new biotechnology was adapted over the last two decades to agricultural practices and opened new vistas for agriculture.

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